When parents practice understanding, their relationships with their children generally improve and result in fewer conflicts as children advance from adolescence to adulthood. Providing parents with information about child development is a highly cost-effective human service. Cognitive Development When children grow up, positive parenting improves their cognitive, social and problem-solving skills. Parent-child interaction and stimulation can help them recognize problems, time management, disciplinary traits, and effective problem-solving skills.
This combination of the way children learn and the human tendency to oversimplify creates important work for parents. First, parents must be able to recognize their own weaknesses and inconsistencies before themselves. This is important for positive co-parenting. Until parents know what they are good and bad at, they can better teach their children.
Reflexive comprehension is based on empathic compassion combined with investigative research. And parents must develop a reflective understanding of their own problems in order to talk to their children about them. In a European study, Berkovits and colleagues (20) studied ethnically diverse parents participating in abbreviated parenting skills training provided in pediatric primary care with the aim of encouraging children's prosocial behavior. In the first years of children's lives, for example, discipline includes the use by parents of routines that not only teach children the behaviors that people usually adopt, but also help them feel secure in their relationship with their parents, since they can anticipate these daily activities.
Support for the importance of parental knowledge for parenting practices is found in multiple sources and is applicable to a variety of cognitive and socio-emotional behaviors and practices. The values and traditions of cultural communities can be expressed as differences in parents' opinions regarding gender roles, in parents' goals for children, and in their attitudes related to parenting. Another experimental study examined a 13-week population-level behavioral parenting program and discovered the effects of the intervention on mothers' knowledge of parenting and, among families at higher risk, greater participation in children's early learning and better behavior management practices. Evidence of the potential importance of fatherhood for language development is found in studies on parental language.
The findings of experimental studies on parent training provide evidence of the types of parenting practices that are associated with children's emotional and behavioral health (i). As noted above, attitudes are determined in part by parental self-efficacy, that is, the perceived ability of parents to influence their child's development. There are few causal analyses available to test whether parental attitudes actually affect parenting practices, positive parent-child interaction, and child development. Another study found that home visits to parents of premature babies, which involved promoting more sensitive and responsive parenting skills, modestly improved parent-child interactions (Goyal et al.
A study using a survey and qualitative interviews with parents of children with autism indicated that parents' knowledge of services related to autism spectrum disorder partly mediates the relationship between socioeconomic status and the use of services for their children (Pickard and Ingersoll, 201.They also learn by carefully watching what and whom their parents approve or accept, and what and whom their parents disapprove or disapprove of). Writer and mother of two children who brings academic information on child development and parenting to the lives of ordinary parents who can use it in their daily lives. In a community trial conducted by Havighurst and colleagues (20), training focused on helping parents tune in to their own emotions and those of their children resulted in a significant improvement in parents' awareness and regulation of emotions, as well as in the practice of dealing with emotions. Faced with the demands of daily life, given that parents cannot offer an individualized response capacity or synchronized and attuned interactions at all times, providing care with sensitivity makes it possible to manage and repair the interruptions that inevitably occur in the daily upbringing of children.