Research by the National Coalition for Parent Involvement in Education reveals that “regardless of income or background, students with involved parents are more likely to get higher grades and test scores, attend school regularly, have better social skills, show better behavior, and adapt well to school. Family participation in school is different from family participation, although both support student success. Participation includes family participation in school events or activities, while teachers provide learning resources and information about their students' grades. With participation, teachers have the primary responsibility for setting educational goals.
They engage with families and caregivers as academic advisors to their children rather than as partners in learning. When schools involve parents in the learning process, children also tend to have more health-promoting behaviors, such as physical activity. Family connection is also associated with fewer reports of suicidal ideation in children. Working together, school and parents can become invaluable support networks for children and adolescents22.To this end, the organization suggests that teachers invite parents to regular school meetings and events and that parents voluntarily commit to prioritizing these goals.
Parent participation refers to collaboration between parents and the school to improve children's educational experience and academic performance. In recent years, parental participation has been widely accepted as the key to improving children's academic performance and what is expected of good parenting. Research has also shown that students score higher when parental support improves their feelings of self-efficacy and self-esteem, and when they feel that their parents are paying attention and care about their education11.When schools encourage parents to get involved, it's important to provide guidance to help parents support their children in a positive way. According to JHU, aspects such as reading comprehension and fluency improve when parents participate, even more so if parents spend time reading with their children.
In the past, parent participation was the goal of building successful parent-teacher partnerships. According to a meta-analysis of more than fifty studies on parental participation in secondary schools, there is a direct connection between student academic performance and parental involvement in their children's education. Most studies measured the amount or frequency of parental involvement without taking into account students' previous achievements, their family background, or the quality of parental involvement13.